Pros and cons of ketogenic diet

Pros and cons of ketogenic diet

The ketogenic diet or keto diet was originally developed and promoted as a nutrition management system or more specifically, as a diet therapy for managing and treating epilepsy. Its goal centers on inducing a metabolic state called ketosis in which the body uses fat instead of carbohydrates for energy. Today, this diet has achieved mainstream […]

Tonsil stones: Small and smelly deposits from the throat

Tonsil stones: Small and smelly deposits from the throat

Wondering about those nasty and smelly whitish to yellowish chunks that often come off from your throat? They are called tonsil stones. Medically called as tonsilloliths or tonsillar calcifications, tonsil stones are small deposits that are lodged in the tonsils. Some of these deposits are unnoticeable while bigger chunks can feel as if they are […]

Causes of bad breath

Causes of bad breath

Bad breath or halitosis might be an indicator of poor oral hygiene or a symptom of a serious underlying health condition. Either way, understanding the causes of bad breath is essential in prevention and management. Possible reasons for bad breath 1. Food debris One of the most common causes of bad breath is leftover food […]

Four classifications of psychoactive drugs

Four classifications of psychoactive drugs

A psychoactive drug is a chemical substance generally used for altering brain functions whether for medicinal or recreational purposes. Take note that there are different classification systems to organize and classify the different types of psychoactive drugs. One system classifies these drugs according to their biological and neurological effects. The four classifications of psychoactive drugs 1. […]

Keto 101 : The science behind ketogenic diet

Keto 101: The science behind ketogenic diet

Ketogenic diet or keto diet is a nutrition management system characterized by a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet. The primary goal of this diet is to induce ketosis or a metabolic state in which the body burns fat rather than carbohydrates for energy. Understanding the science behind keto diet requires understanding the fact that carbohydrates, […]

Link between infections and mental disorders

Link between infections and mental disorders

Infectious diseases have varying outcomes. Some are common and relatively mild such as the common cold and minor fungal infections. Others are dreaded and deadly. In addition, several studies have suggested a link between infections and mental disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorders, clinical depression, and schizophrenia, among others. Infectious diseases and the development of mental […]

The link between schizophrenia and human endogenous retroviruses

Linking schizophrenia and human endogenous retroviruses

People diagnosed with schizophrenia suffer from symptoms that render them unable to function mentally and socially. These include visual or auditory hallucinations, delusions, confusion, and disorganized thinking and speech. Additional mental health problems include anxiety disorders and/or major depressive illness. The specific causes of schizophrenia remain unknown. However, several studies suggest that a combination of […]

Explainer: Human endogenous retroviruses

Explainer: The human endogenous retroviruses

Imprinted deeply in the human genome are traces of ancient retroviruses that infected pre-human ancestors about 2 to 60 million years ago. Through the natural process of evolution and other biological mechanisms, these traces have found their way in human DNA and become human endogenous retroviruses. What is a retrovirus? What are endogenous retroviruses? Endogenous retrovirus […]